Active Oxygen in Chemistry by Raymond Y. N. Ho, Joel F. Liebman, Joan Selverstone

By Raymond Y. N. Ho, Joel F. Liebman, Joan Selverstone Valentine (auth.), Christopher S. Foote, Joan Selverstone Valentine, Arthur Greenberg, Joel F. Liebman (eds.)

Taking an interdisciplinary technique, this publication and its counterpart, Active Oxygen in Biochemistry, discover the energetic examine region of the chemistry and biochemistry of oxygen. Complementary yet self sufficient, the 2 volumes combine topic components together with medication, biology, chemistry, engineering, and environmental studies.

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P molecular orbitals resulting in an 0-0 bond order of 1 (see Fig. 1-2). 49 A) and from the rotation barrier of the peroxide bond. The addition of two electrons to those orbitals also pairs up all the electrons, making peroxides diamagnetic. The peroxide anion is found in ionic peroxide salts with the alkali metals, calcium, strontium, and barium. These ionic peroxides are powerful oxidants and are capable of converting all organic materials into carbonate and will also oxidize most metals. By contrast, with some strongly oxidizing substances, for example permanganate, the ionic peroxides can also serve as reducing agents.

Am. Chem. , 88, 3638-3643. MCMILLEN, D. , and GOLDEN, D. M. (1982) Hydrocarbon Bond Dissociation Energies. Ann. Rev. Phys. , 33, 493-532. MOORE, C. E. (1970) Ionization Potentials and Ionization Limits Derived from the Analyses of Optical Spectra. Natl. Stand. Ref. -Natl. Bur. , 34. PATAI, S. (1983) The Chemistry of Peroxides, John WIley & Sons, New York. PEDLEY, J. , NAYLOR, R. , and KIRBY, S. P. , Chapman & Hall, New York. PETROCELLI, A. , and KRAus, D. L. (1963) The Inorganic Superoxides. J.

This interaction pulls some of the electron density on the carbonyl oxygen away from the 0-0 bond and toward the hydrogen atom, thereby reducing the electron density around the 0-0 bond, making the peroxide moiety more susceptable to nucleophilic attack. r-' :Nucleophile R~ Homolytic reaction pathways are those in which the peroxide 0-0 bond is cleaved to give two radical species. Stabilization of these radicals tends to make the homolysis reaction more favorable and to lower activation barriers for these reactions.

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